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TYPE 3: Curly hair
Type 3 hair also has an ‘s’ curl that when stretched out resembles a stretched coil or slinky. Type 3 hair is usually soft and quite fine in texture and there is usually a lot of it. When curly hair is wet, it usually straightens out, however as it dries, it absorbs the water and re gains its former curly state. A common trait with curly hair is that humidity makes curly hair even curlier or even frizzy.
Curly hair isn’t as shiny as straight or wavy hair, as the cuticle layers do not lie as flat as Type 2 wavy hair. Due to the strands of hair not having a smooth surface, light doesn’t bounce of it as much as other types of hair. This can give curly hair a dull appearance if it is not moisturised and conditioned regularly. It is not unusual to find both subtypes of type 3 co existing on the same head.
A main characteristic of type 3A hair is that it is shiny and the curls are big and loose. The curls resemble a stretched coil or slinky. You tend to find that the shorter the hair the straighter it is, however the longer your hair the more defined the curls.
Type 3B hair has a tighter curl than 3A. The curls range from bouncy ringlets to resembling tight corkscrew curls.
This hair type needs extra moisture and tender-loving care because it can be fragile.
Hair Care Tips:
- Type 3 hair needs to be kept as moisturised as possible. It is recommended that this hair type is washed every 3 days with a moisturising shampoo and conditioner. Their hair should be rinsed and moisturised daily to keep it from looking and feeling dry. In order to keep your curls looking fresh, make sure you're using an appropriate cleanser. Using a sulphate-free cleanser will ensure your hair is left clean and hydrated, without stripping it of its natural oils. This helps hair to retain its softness and pliability, which unleashes its optimal potential. Conventional shampoos can prevent textures from looking their best and make it difficult for you to recognize your true texture. Using a sulphate-free cleanser also helps your conditioner work more effectively.
- For optimum results when styling, start with soaking wet hair. Apply a generous amount of leave-in conditioner or preferred styling product to further saturate the hair.
- Do not touch hair until completely dry. When drying hair, you can let it air dry or use a diffuser. If diffusing, use caution touching hair as to not disturb curl pattern.
- Fluff and shake hair. Never comb or brush dry curls. Your fingers are an underestimated tool, when styling your precious curls. Should you need to use a comb, always make sure your hair is wet and previously detangled. Always use a well-made wide-tooth comb.
- Always detangle hair with a lot of conditioner or natural oil (olive oil, coconut oil, jojoba oil etc) in your hair to give your hair some slip. It is recommended that you use your fingers first and then use a wide toothed comb or detangling brush, to comb through your hair, so as not to damage the strands of your hair.
- Many curlies have found that using a satin pillowcase helps to keep their curls in ‘top form’. The smoothness of the fabric allows your hair to glide softly across it, helping to keep the curls well formed and frizz to a minimum!
- 3A's should use gels and creams and leave in conditioners that offer light moisture and curl definition.
- 3B's should use gels and creams or leave in conditioners with extra moisture.